Scoliosis causes the spine to curve sideways, causing pain, weakness, and changes in the way a person walks. Exercise and stretching are vital components of treatment.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic autoimmune disorder that often lasts a lifetime. Anyone diagnosed with the condition should be aware of the complications that it presents to health.
Upper back pain and tension are common complaints, particularly when people feel stressed or spend a lot of time hunched over desks or computers. Exercises that stretch the neck, shoulders, and upper back can help relieve pain and loosen tight muscles.
The kidneys rest against the back muscles, which can make it difficult to tell the difference between kidney pain and back pain.
TLIF can be performed at one spinal level or multiple levels. The procedure is most often performed as open surgery, but in recent years it has also been performed with minimally invasive percutaneous techniques, now with the integration of endoscopic methods for a portion of the procedure.